In press

Purtova, N. & van Maanen, G. (2024) "Data as an economic good, data as a commons, and data governance" Law, Innovation, and Technology. preprint here

Newell, B., Purtova, N., Paterson, H., & Moon, Y. E. (Accepted/In press). Regulating the US Consumer Data Market: Comparing the Material Scope of US Consumer Data Privacy Laws and the GDPR. University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law.


Purtova, N. (2022) "From knowing by name to targeting: the meaning of identification under the GDPR" IDPL Volume 12, Issue 3, August 2022, Pages 163–183. In open access here

Gellert, R.M. (2021). Personal data’s ever-expanding scope in smart environments and possible path(s) for regulating emerging digital technologies. International Data Privacy Law. In open access here

Gellert, R.M. (2021). Comparing definitions of data and information in data protection law and machine learning. A useful way forward to meaningfully regulate algorithms? Regulation & Governance. here

Galič, M. & Gellert, R.M. (2021). Data protection law beyond identifiability? Atmospheric profiles, nudging and the Stratumseind Living Lab. Computer Law & Security Review, 40 (april). doi: 10.1016/j.clsr.2020.105486 here

Hallinan, D. & Gellert, R.M. (2020). The Concept of ‘Information’. An Invisible Problem in the GDPR. Script-Ed, 17 (2), 269-319. here

Purtova, Nadya 'The Law of everything. Broad concept of personal data and the future of EU data protection law' Law, Innovation, and Technology 10(1) in open access here

Purtova, Nadya 'Do property rights in personal data make sense after the Big Data turn? Individual control and transparency', 10(2) Journal of Law and Economic Regulation preprint here

Graef, Inge, Raphaël Gellert, and Martin Husovec, 'Towards a Holistic Regulatory Approach for the European Data Economy: Why the Illusive Notion of Non-Personal Data is Counterproductive to Data Innovation', European Law Review 2019, vol. 44 no. 5, p. 605-621 preprint here

Working papers

Purtova, N. (2020) “Organising concepts in law: a typology and lessons for data protection”, INFO-LEG working paper here

Purtova, N. (2020) “Code as personal data”, INFO-LEG working paper here


Graef, Inge and Gellert, Raphael and Purtova, Nadezhda and Husovec, Martin, Feedback to the Commission's Proposal on a Framework for the Free Flow of Non-Personal Data (January 22, 2018).